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Atmaca Anti Ship Missiles to Arm Refurbished TNI-AL’s Ships

Yulian Ardiansyah - : Jan 24, 2024 - : 9:19 pm

The Indonesian Navy (Tentara Nasional Indonesia – Angkatan Laut / TNI-AL) will arm at least three classes of warships with Turkiye’s Atmaca Anti Ship Missiles (AShMs). This was revealed during a visit by the Indonesian Defense Minister, Prabowo Subianto, to PT PAL’s facility in Surabaya, East Java on Tuesday (Jan. 23).

TNI-AL is currently running a refurbishment program for 41 warships to modernize its fleet and bolster its naval capabilities. The program, also known as “R41”, was initiated in 2022 and is being carried out in collaboration with the state-owned PT PAL and four private shipyards in Indonesia.

“This is a potential, a large asset (of) 41 ships. If they are modernized, refurbished, repowered, replating, (and rearmed with) powerful weapons, I think Indonesia will have a maritime force to be reckoned with. These forty-one ships are quite large,” said Prabowo.

The 41 ships being renovated come from several classes in the TNI-AL fleet. Three of them, the FPB-57-class patrol ships, Kapitan Pattimura-class corvettes, and Fatahillah-class corvettes, will have Atmaca AShMs replacing their old and obsolete missiles.

The Kapitan Patimura-class corvettes are arguably the most intriguing out of the three. They were purchased in 1992 from the ex-East Germany stock of Parchim-class Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) corvettes and were never equipped with anti-ship missiles. To date, TNI-AL is still operating 14 of these Cold War-era corvettes.

It is currently unknown whether their ASW capabilities, which include the twin RBU-6000 anti-submarine rocket launchers on each ship, will be preserved after the installation of Atmaca AShM. It also remains to be seen whether the addition of the Turkish-made missiles also means that their role has changed.

Of another particular interest is the Indonesian Navy’s 12 FPB-57-class patrol ships, especially since two of these German-made Fast Patrol Boats were already armed with Chinese C-802 anti-ship missiles in the late 2000s. Replacing these missiles with Turkiye’s offering might indicate that the Indonesian Navy is now distancing itself from Chinese anti-ship missile technologies.

Made by Turkiye’s Roketsan, the Atmaca AShM is an anti-ship cruise missile that also can be used to attack land targets. The missile has a length of around 5 meters and weighs around 750 kg, including 220 kg of warhead. With a fast subsonic speed of between Mach 0.8 to Mach 0.9, it has a maximum range of between 220 to 250 km.

Photo: Roketsan

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