Sustained investments into growing Egypt’s defence industrial base are bearing results, with a growing number of indigenously developed platforms and upgrades to imported equipment now emerging.
The development of homegrown defence equipment is key to the future of the Egyptian armed forces, which is the largest military power in Africa, with over 920,000 military personnel. President Abdel Fattah El Sisi recently reviewed several armoured vehicle models and showed keen interest in their design and manufacturing stages, showing the level of advancement of this industry. He was also updated on details of measures being taken and time-schedule for the localization of the electric vehicles industry in Egypt, with the aim of keeping up with global progress in the field.
Armoured vehicles such as the indigenously developed Temsah-3 4X4 armoured vehicle are part of a range of armoured vehicles now under development in Egypt. The Temsah-3 has been designed by the Vehicle Department – Engineering Industrial Complex, which is also seeking export customers for the new light armoured vehicle, which has a gross vehicle weight (GVW) of 6.4 tonne. The new vehicle builds on the experience of the Temsah-1 and Temsah-2, which have displayed excellent mobility, performance and mine-protection capability, while in service.
Temsah-3 will be available as a troop carrier vehicle or as a light armoured vehicle with a RCWS. The vehicle has a crew of 2 and can seat
four fully armed troops. The Temsah-3 makes use of the HMMWV Powered Chassis from AM General and is powered by an American 6.5 L V8, turbo diesel engine and can achieve a a max range of 442 km. Temsah-3 has a four-speed automatic transmission and can achieve max speed of 110 kph. A run-flat system has also been fitted on the vehicle. The Temsah-3 is likely to be inducted by the Egyptian armed forces as well. The hull and turret have armour protection upto BR6, while the remote-controlled weapon system (RWCS) can rotate 360 degrees.
The Egyptian Surveillance Radar ESR-32A is a large 2D L band radar. The fully solid-state radar system has been designed to operate in networked or stand-alone mode to support joint or independent operations of the Egyptian air force. The array antenna type has a claimed antenna efficiency of greater than 40 percent and the radar has an average transmitted power of 800 watt. Other equipment being developed include the AD-21 Anti-Drone jammer, which is capable of omni-directional jamming capability against swarm attacks. The AD-21 has a radius of effective protection of up to 4 km.
Priority is also being given for the development of weapons such as the multi-barrel rocket launcher RL 812/TLC developed by Helwan Machinery & Equipment’s Co, Factory 999. The RL 812/TLC is a 107 mm rocket launcher, which weighs just over three tonne and has 12 firing tubes. A crew of three can engage targets out to ranges of 8.2 km and attain a rate of fire of 12 rockets in 7-8 seconds. The company is also producing the Model UKW2 120mm mortar, which has a rate of fire of 8-12 rounds per minute. Targets can be engaged to ranges of up to 5.5 km using High Explosive (HE) ammunition.
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